Dr.Strikwerda, L. (Litska)

Twente University

Section: Philosophy
Faculty: Behavioural Sciences

Visiting address

University of Twente Department of Philosophy Cubicus Building, room B220 7500 AE ENSCHEDE The Netherlands

Mail address

University of Twente Department of Philosophy P.O. Box 217 7500 AE ENSCHEDE The Netherlands


0031 53 4892308


Litska studied law at Utrecht University, where she received both her Bachelor’s (2005) and her Master’s degree (2006), specializing in criminal law. She completed a minor in human rights law at Lund University (Sweden) in 2004. She also studied applied ethics. She received her Master’s degree from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Trondheim, Norway) and Linköping University (Sweden) in 2007.

Litska was affiliated to Utrecht University as an assistent professor in criminal law from 2007 until 2010. Since 2010 she is a PhD candidate at the University of Twente. In her PhD project she aims to answer the question when virtual cybercrime (e.g. theft of virtual property in the virtual world of a computer game) should be brought under the scope of criminal law. She is also a member of the Ethics Board of Abrona, a care facility for people with intellectual disabilities.

Litska won the best paper award at the 4th International Conference on Digital Forensics & Cyber Crime (Lafayette, USA, 25-26 October 2012) for her paper titled “When Should Virtual Cybercrime Be Brought under the Scope of the Criminal Law?”.

Scientific publications (selection)


  • Strikwerda, Litska (2014) Present and future instances of virtual rape in light of three categories of legal philosophical theories on rape. Philosophy & Technology, DOI: 10.1007/s13347-014-0167-6.
  • Strikwerda, Litska (2014). Should virtual cybercrime be regulated by means of criminal law? A philosophical, legal-economic, pragmatic and constitutional dimension. Information & Communications Technology Law, Volume 23, Issue 1, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13600834. 2014.891870.


  • Strikwerda, Litska (2013). When Should Virtual Cybercrime Be Brought under the Scope of the Criminal Law?. In Marcus K. Rogers and Kathryn C. Seigfried-Spellar (Eds.), Digital Forensics and Cyber Crime, LNICST, 114 (pp. 109-143). New York: Springer.


  • Strikwerda, Litska. 2012. "Theft of virtual items in online multiplayer computer games: an ontological and moral analysis" Ethics and Information Technology DOI 10.1007/s10676-011-9285-3 click to open pdf


  • Strikwerda, Litska. 2011. "Virtual child pornography: why images do harm from a moral perspective". In: C. Ess and M. Thorseth (eds.) Trust and Virtual Worlds: Contemporary Perspectives . New York: Peter Lang Publishers Inc.: 139-161.


  • Strikwerda, Litska. 2010. "Information privacy, the right to receive information and (mobile) ICTs" Etikk i praksis. Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2/4: 27-41.


  • Strikwerda, Litska. 2008. "Wie kan verantwoordelijkheid dragen voor de dood van Savanna?" Delikt en Delinkwent 3: 291-313.